Did you know that hazardous work is one of the worst forms of child labour? Sadly, more than half (53%, or 115 million) of the 215 million child labourers worldwide are caught in hazardous work. This is work that is detrimental to the health, safety and morals of developing children (ILO, 2011).
The World Day Against Child Labour 2011 brought much needed attention to this urgent issue for good reason. Hazardous work is actually increasing for children between 15 and 17 years old. Within four years, this figure increased by 20% - jumping from 52 million to 62 million (ILO, 2010). Research from industrialized countries has shown that children have higher rates of injury and death at work than adults, thus emphasizing the particular vulnerabilities that children face when exposed to occupational hazards (ILO, 2011)..
To complement the awareness raising activities of The World Day 2011, the ILO published a special report entitled: "Children in hazardous work: What we know, what we need to do."
This report reviews the current knowledge base on the hazardous work of children and presents the case for a new focus on the issue as part of the wider global effort to eliminate the worst forms of child labour. The report highlights recent global trends while summarizing the scientific evidence related to the health of working children and adolescents. The report further identifies key challenges not only in understanding the effects of hazardous work on childhood development, but also in preventing hazardous occupational exposures for children. The report features good practice approaches of various stakeholder groups that have demonstrated the potential to be scaled up and discusses the importance of an integrated policy response to the issue. For this reason, this report is valuable for all individuals interested in protecting the developmental well-being of children: from workers and employers organizations, to community activists, NGOs, national governments, human rights groups, students, and countless others.
To access this publication in English, Spanish and French, please visit: http://www.ilo.org/ipecinfo/product/viewProduct.do?productId=17035